The Importance of Teaching Logical Thinking

How do you promote logical thinking, critical thinking, and reasoning in your classroom? One way I address these skills during math is through math puzzles. They provide students with opportunities to fine tune these important skills in fun and engaging ways. Check out [insert your product links] to get your students engaged in logical thinking, critical thinking and reasoning. In addition, read below to learn more about what logic is, what it is in regards to math, and its importance in the elementary classroom.

What is logic?
Logic is a tool that helps people make sense of information by analyzing relationships and structures to make conclusions in a systematic way. Logical thinking, critical thinking, and reasoning are integral foundational skills in math.

A real life example of someone not using logic is that he sees a drum set he likes at the store. It's not on sale so he doesn't buy it. He finds the same drum set at another store and it is 50% off; however, the actual cost of the drum set is cheaper at the first store. He buys the one that is on sale without analyzing the actual cost of the drum set.

What is math logic?
Math logic is applying the principles of logic to mathematical situations. In simpler terms, it is critically analyzing and thinking through problems that involve math to make sense of the problem.

What is the importance of teaching and practicing logic, critical thinking, and reasoning?
Practicing logic, critical thinking, and reasoning is essential for students for many reasons. Practicing these skills stimulates and trains their brains to naturally work towards making sense of the world around them and prepares them for being productive members of society. Read below to learn more!

5 Reasons to Teach Logic in Math
  • Prepares students for more complex mathematics (e.g. proofs in geometry).
  • Develops students’ critical thinking and reasoning skills.
  • Provides an opportunity for cooperative learning.
  • Equips students with a strong mathematical foundation.
  • Fine tunes students’ problem solving skills and stimulates their brain.

5 Reasons to Teach Critical Thinking in Math
  • Develops students’ ability to connect ideas.
  • Enhances students’ ability to clearly articulate arguments and thinking.
  • Leads to future academic and professional success.
  • Contributes to students’ ability to problem solve and make effective decisions.
  • Promotes creativity among students working in a group.

5 Reasons to Teach Reasoning in Math
  • Increases students’ ability to articulate why their answer makes sense.
  • Develops students’ understanding that math makes sense and is made up of patterns, properties, and formulas. 
  • Provides an opportunity for cooperative learning.
  • Leads students with the skills needed for future academic and professional success.
  • Enhances students’ ability to problem solve and make effective decisions.
How to Teach Logic
  • Logic puzzles: These fun and engaging puzzles invite students to think critically about numbers, learn through trial and error, and use logic to systematically go through a problem. Students love them and they even help students practice having a growth mindset in math.
  • Number talks: Hosting number talks at the beginning of a math lesson is a great way to model and discuss how to approach problems and situations in a logical and methodical way. Remember to ask students follow up questions to their responses: Why do you think that? How do you know? Part of mastering logical thinking is being able to justify their answers and explain it to others in a clear and concise way.
  • Board games: There are tons of fun and easy board games out there that provide opportunities for students to practice logical thinking. Some of my favorites are Mastermind, Blokus, Monopoly, Qwirkle, Battleship, and Connect Four.

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